Queen Anne (1700-1755)

The Queen Anne style is a refinement of the William and Mary style with a moderate proportion and graceful appearance. It is characterized by cabriole legs terminating in a pad or drake foot, fiddle-back chair backs, and bat wing shaped drawer pulls. It is named after Queen Anne of England who reigned from 1702-1714.

 


Appearance

Graceful and Refined – Elegant Appearance.(Federal style shown)

Chair Arms

Outward Flare – Arms have slight outward curve.

Chair Back Material

Upholstered – Cushioned and fabric covered.
Wood – Solid wood, horizontal slats, vertical slats, or vertical splats.

Chair Back Shape

Fiddleback – Fiddle-shaped central splat.

Chair Leg

Cabriole – Curved leg in the shape of an animal’s leg. The cabriole leg increased the stability of seating pieces and reduced the need for underbracing.
Decorated Cabriole – Cabriole leg with decorative carving, usually on the knee.

Chair Seat Material

Upholstered – Cushioned and covered with fabric.

Chair Seat Shape

Curved – Circular or rounded seat.
Horseshoe – Horseshoe shaped seat with a rounded front.

Drawer Pull

Bat Wing Plate with Bail – Bat shaped solid or pierced cast brass back plate with a bail handle. The size of the backplate varies from 2.75 to 4.5 inches wide by 2 to 3.25 inches high.
Ring Pull with Round Back Plate – Ring pull attached by a knob to a circular back plate.

Fabric

Chintz – Plain woven sometimes glazed cloth imprinted with patterns or designs, often floral with five bright colors.
Crewel – Embroidery using wool on closely woven cotton, linen, or wool, often of floral motifs and vines.
Damask – Medium weight, glossy fabric with a reversible pattern and a figured intricate weave, often of linen, cotton, silk, or wool.
Needlepoint – A type of counted thread embroidery in which yarn is stitched through an open canvas weave.
Tapestry – Heavy weight fabric with decorative designs.
Velvet – Woven pile fabric that is soft and sturdy, often made of silk with blends of cotton, nylon, and rayon.

Finish

Lacquer – Tough, adherent finish that can be clear or pigmented.
Oil Varnish – Clear finish that emphasized the grain of the wood.
Wax – Paste finish over a sealer, stain, or bare wood.

Foot

Ball and Claw – Carved claw grasping a ball.
Block – Flat-surfaced foot.
Bun – Rounded foot, flatter than a ball foot.
Drake – Simple carved animal paw.
Pad – Simple, rounded carved foot.

Hardware Material

Brass – Yellowish metal made from copper and zinc.

Joint

Dovetail – An interlocking wood joint in which a series of wedge-shaped projections fits into a series of alternating grooves.

Line

Cyma or S-Curve – S-shaped curve, partly concave and partly convex.
Straight – Straight lines.

Motif

Acanthus leaf – Conventionalized leaf.
Shell – Fan shaped shell.

Ornamentation

Carving – Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Finial – Decorative turning affixed to the tops of case furniture, and chair and bed posts.
Inlay – Contrasting material set into the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Marquetry – Combinations of veneer used to create pictures or patterns.
Oriental Lacquerwork – A lacquer surface on which designs are drawn in gold or color; also referred to as Japanning or chinoiserie.

Proportion

Medium – Moderate dimensions.(Queen Anne style shown)

Underbracing

Limited Use – Limited use of stretchers.(Queen Anne style shown)

Wood

Ash – Whitish-gray American hardwood with similar graining to oak.
Black Walnut – Dark brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Cherry – Red-brown American hardwood.
Elm – Red-brown American hardwood.
Fruitwood – Pink-brown American hardwood, including apple and pear.
Hickory – Red-brown American hardwood.
Mahogany – Red-brown South American and African hardwood.
Maple – Golden to Red-brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.

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